How Much Damage Did The 2004 Tsunami Cause?

Why was the tsunami of 2004 so deadly?

According to USGS scientists, the sea floor near the earthquake was uplifted several meters.

The displacement of water above the sea floor triggered the tsunami, which caused catastrophic levels of destruction in countries around the Indian Ocean basin, reaching as far as the east coast of Africa..

How much money in damage did the 2004 tsunami caused?

Fast facts: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami The 2004 Indonesia earthquake caused a shift in the Earth’s mass that changed the planet’s rotation. Total material losses from the tsunami were estimated at $10 million.

How much damage is caused by a tsunami?

Tsunami waves destroy boats, buildings, bridges, cars, trees, telephone lines, power lines – and just about anything else in their way.

How long does it take for a tsunami to hit?

Q How long does it take a tsunami to reach land? Once generated, a tsunami wave in the open ocean can travel with speeds greater than 800 kilometres an hour (500 miles an hour). These waves can travel across the Pacific Ocean in less than one day. Locally generated tsunamis can reach coastlines in just minutes.

How long does a tsunami last?

approximately five minutes to two hours3.5 How long does a tsunami last? Large tsunamis may continue for days in some locations, reaching their peak often a couple of hours after arrival and gradually tapering off after that. The time between tsunami crests (the tsunami’s period) ranges from approximately five minutes to two hours.

Can you swim under a tsunami?

“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” Eventually, the wave will pull back, dragging cars, trees, and buildings with it.

How much did the 2004 tsunami cost?

US $ 9.9 billion was originally estimated to be the value of economic, infrastuctural and human development losses. 5. Over 600,000 people in Aceh lost their livelihoods (in some cases only for a few months) including all those in the fishery sector and 30 percent of those in agriculture. 6.

What are the 4 stages of a tsunami?

A tsunami has four general stages: initiation, split, amplification, and run-up. During initiation, a large set of ocean waves are caused by any large and sudden disturbance of the sea surface, most commonly earthquakes but sometimes also underwater landslides.

Can a tsunami destroy a city?

A tsunami can kill or injure people and damage or destroy buildings and infrastructure as waves come in and go out. Travel 20-30 miles per hour with waves 10-100 feet high. … Cause flooding and disrupt transportation, power, communications, and the water supply.

How long did the 2004 tsunami last?

Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. The tsunami and its aftermath were responsible for immense destruction and loss on the rim of the Indian Ocean. did you know? The earthquake that caused the tsunami lasted almost 10 minutes.

What happens right before a tsunami?

An earthquake is a natural tsunami warning. … Witnesses have reported that an approaching tsunami is sometimes preceded by a noticeable fall or rise in the water level. If you see the ocean receding unusually rapidly or far it’s a good sign that a big wave is on its way. Go to high ground immediately.

What is the most dangerous part of a tsunami?

Very large tsunamis can cause damage to coastal regions thousands of miles away from the earthquake that caused them. Beaches, lagoons, bays, estuaries, tidal flats and river mouths are the most dangerous places to be. It is rare for a tsunami to penetrate more than a mile inland.

How high was the wave of the 2004 tsunami?

The greatest run-up height of the tsunami was measured at a hill between Lhoknga and Leupung, on the western coast of the northern tip of Sumatra, near Banda Aceh, and reached 51 m (167 ft). The tsunami heights in Sumatra: 15–30 m (49–98 ft) on the west coast of Aceh. 6–12 m (20–39 ft) on the Banda Aceh coast.

How many animals died in the 2004 tsunami?

There was little hope for people and animals near the coast. The waves swept away everything in their path, causing catastrophic damage. Nearly 230,000 people and thousands of animals were killed, making it one of the deadliest disasters ever recorded.

Did Maria Belon lose her leg in the tsunami?

She lost part of a leg in the tragedy, but miraculously (spoiler alert), she managed to reunite with the rest of her family by sheer luck. More than 283,000 died. Belon, once a family doctor turned stay-at-home mom, emerged from the ordeal a different person. … Belon: Yes.