Question: Are You Born With Osteogenesis Imperfecta?

Is Oi a disability?

Most people with OI experience physical disability.

OI also can cause weak muscles, brittle teeth, a curved spine, and hearing loss.

Most forms of OI are caused by abnormal genes that are passed down from one or both parents to their children.

There are currently 11 types of OI..

What body systems are affected by osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI is highly variable, and signs and symptoms range from mild to severe. In addition to broken bones, people with OI sometimes have muscle weakness or joint laxity (loose joints), and they often have skeletal malformations including short stature, scoliosis (curvature of the spine), and bowing of long bones.

Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta a type of dwarfism?

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) Type III is a dwarfism condition, with adults generally reaching a height of three feet, although profound short stature is often associated with the other three types as well.

How does someone get osteogenesis imperfecta?

Causes. Osteogenesis imperfecta can be caused by mutations in one of several genes. Mutations in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes cause approximately 90 percent of all cases. These genes provide instructions for making proteins that are used to assemble type I collagen.

What is the cause of OI?

What causes osteogenesis imperfecta (OI)? OI is caused by defects in or related to a protein called type 1 collagen (pronounced KOL-uh-juhn). Collagen is an essential building block of the body. The body uses type 1 collagen to make bones strong and to build tendons, ligaments, teeth, and the whites of the eyes.

Can you grow out of osteogenesis imperfecta?

OI is a childhood disorder; people grow out of it by their teens. FACT: OI is a genetic disorder that is present throughout a person’s lifetime. Many people with OI have fewer fractures after puberty when growth stops, but the genetic difference remains.

Where is osteogenesis imperfecta most common?

OI type II is estimated to occur in one in 60,000 live births. The overall prevalence of all types of OI is estimated at . 5 per 10,000 individuals in the United States. Approximately 20,000 to 50,000 individuals in the United States have OI.

What disease does Byron Baxter have?

That’s because Byron is living with a brittle bone disease, a rare genetic condition with no cure. Doctors call it osteogenesis imperfecta, which means “imperfectly formed bone.”

Is Osteogenesis Imperfecta painful?

Conclusions: Pain is a common occurrence for children with OI and is both acute and chronic in nature, interfering with children’s daily living activities. OI pain may not be optimally treated because many children experienced moderate to severe pain despite use of analgesics and/or coping strategies.

How long does someone with osteogenesis imperfecta live?

Most children born with type I OI live normal, healthy lives into adulthood. Less severe symptoms do not affect life expectancy. Most OI-related deaths result from respiratory failure due to weak lungs. The most severe types will result in death at birth or soon after.

What age group does osteogenesis imperfecta affect?

It is characterised by bones that fracture easily and also bend. By the age of 6 years, the child has usually had multiple fractures and developed severe deformities. Children surviving till adulthood usually have short stature and disability.

Does osteogenesis imperfecta get worse with age?

It causes bones to break easily. In type 3 OI, your child’s body produces enough collagen but it’s poor quality. Your child’s bones can even begin to break before birth. Bone deformities are common and may get worse as your child gets older.

How long do you live with brittle bone disease?

It is estimated that approximately 25,000 to 50,000 people in the U.S. have OI. With good medical management and supportive care, the majority of people who have OI will lead healthy, productive lives and can expect an average lifespan. People with OI experience frequent broken bones from infancy through puberty.

Does brittle bone disease affect teeth?

It is also known as brittle bone disease where bones sometimes break for no known reason. OI can also cause many other problems, such as weak muscles, brittle teeth, and hearing loss.