Question: When A Fracture Breaks The Skin It Is Known As A?

What is spongy bone also called?

Cancellous bone, also called trabecular bone or spongy bone, light, porous bone enclosing numerous large spaces that give a honeycombed or spongy appearance.

The bone matrix, or framework, is organized into a three-dimensional latticework of bony processes, called trabeculae, arranged along lines of stress..

What is the most serious type of fracture?

If the bone breaks in such a way that bone fragments stick out through the skin, or a wound penetrates down to the broken bone, the fracture is called an “open” fracture. This type of fracture is particularly serious because once the skin is broken, infection in both the wound and the bone can occur.

Are fractures worse than breaks?

A fracture and a break are actually one and the same. “There’s no difference between these two things,” he says. “A fracture means the cracking or breaking of a hard object. One is not worse than the other when it comes to breaking bones.”

What are the two types of bones?

There are two types of bone tissue: compact and spongy. The names imply that the two types differ in density, or how tightly the tissue is packed together.

Which types of fractures are most difficult to repair?

Example: A comminuted fracture is the most difficult to repair due to the bone having fractured into numerous pieces. Multiple bone pieces require more effort to hold them together in the ideal position for healing.

How is a closed fracture treated?

Take these actions immediately while waiting for medical help:Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.Immobilize the injured area. … Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain. … Treat for shock.

Are all fractures breaks?

A crack (not only a break) in the bone is also known as a fracture. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body. There are several different ways in which a bone can fracture; for example, a break to the bone that does not damage surrounding tissue or tear through the skin is known as a closed fracture.

What type of fractures require surgery?

Bone fracture repair is used when a broken bone doesn’t or wouldn’t heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases when the bone is sticking through the skin (compound fractures) and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles.

How much pressure does it take to break the average bone quizlet?

it takes about 10 to 16 pounds of pressure to break an average bone.

What is the most common fracture?

7 Most Common Bone FracturesCollarbone Fracture. The collarbone, or clavicle, is one of the most frequently broken bones. … Wrist Fracture. If you fall, you’re likely to catch yourself by putting out your hands. … Ankle Fracture. … Vertebral Fracture. … Hip Fracture. … Forearm Fracture. … Shinbone Fracture.

What is spongy bone for?

Spongy bone reduces the density of bone and allows the ends of long bones to compress as the result of stresses applied to the bone. Spongy bone is prominent in areas of bones that are not heavily stressed or where stresses arrive from many directions.

When a fracture breaks the skin it is known as a quizlet?

When a fracture breaks the skin, it is known as a. compound fracture.

What is a fracture that breaks the skin called?

When a broken bone breaks through the skin, it is classified as an open fracture. The bone is sometimes visible through the wound. Open fractures can become infected and require surgical cleaning and treatment as soon as possible. Open fractures are typically treated through surgery.

What are the 4 types of fractures?

Types of FracturesGreenstick – Incomplete fracture. … Transverse – The break is in a straight line across the bone.Spiral – The break spirals around the bone; common in a twisting injury.Oblique – Diagonal break across the bone.Compression – The bone is crushed, causing the broken bone to be wider or flatter in appearance.More items…

What is Osteon?

Osteon, the chief structural unit of compact (cortical) bone, consisting of concentric bone layers called lamellae, which surround a long hollow passageway, the Haversian canal (named for Clopton Havers, a 17th-century English physician). …