What Are The Main Parts Of The Skeletal System And Its Functions?

What are the 6 main parts of the skeletal system?

The appendicular skeleton, which is attached to the axial skeleton, is formed by the shoulder girdle, the pelvic girdle and the bones of the upper and lower limbs.

The human skeleton performs six major functions: support, movement, protection, production of blood cells, storage of minerals, and endocrine regulation..

What are the 2 main parts of the skeletal system?

The adult human skeleton usually consists of 206 named bones. These bones can be grouped in two divisions: axial skeleton and appendicular skeleton. The 80 bones of the axial skeleton form the vertical axis of the body.

What are the 3 types of skeletons?

Types of Skeletal Designs A skeletal system is necessary to support the body, protect internal organs, and allow for the movement of an organism. There are three different skeleton designs that provide organisms these functions: hydrostatic skeleton, exoskeleton, and endoskeleton.

What are the 5 main function of the skeletal system?

The major functions of the skeletal system are body support, facilitation of movement, protection of internal organs, storage of minerals and fat, and blood cell formation.

What is the longest bone in the body?

femurThe femur is one of the most researched bones in the human anatomy and forensic medicine. As the longest bone in the human body, it is well preserved in skeletal remains.

What makes the skeletal system unique?

Bones are filled with a spongy tissue Bone marrow is a spongy substance that’s found inside large bones like your hips, pelvis, and femur. Bone marrow houses stem cells. Stem cells are responsible for producing many of your body’s most important cells, including blood, brain, heart, and bone cells.

What is the main parts of the skeletal system?

The skeleton is traditionally divided into two major parts: the axial skeleton, which includes the skull, spine, and rib cage; and the appendicular skeleton, which includes the appendages and the girdles that attach them to the axial skeleton.

What are the 5 parts of the skeletal system?

The axial skeleton includes the skull, spinal column, ribs and sternum. The appendicular skeleton includes all upper and lower extremities, the shoulder girdle and the pelvic girdle.

How many parts does the skeletal system have?

Regardless of age or sex, the skeletal system can be broken down into two parts, known as the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.

What is the main function of skeletal system?

The skeletal system works as a support structure for your body. It gives the body its shape, allows movement, makes blood cells, provides protection for organs and stores minerals.

What are the 11 systems in the human body?

The 11 organ systems include the integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, lymphatic system, respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, urinary system, and reproductive systems.

What are the main bones of the human skeletal system?

The skeletonSkull – including the jaw bone.Spine – cervical, thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, sacrum and tailbone (coccyx)Chest – ribs and breastbone (sternum)Arms – shoulder blade (scapula), collar bone (clavicle), humerus, radius and ulna.Hands – wrist bones (carpals), metacarpals and phalanges.Pelvis – hip bones.More items…•