What is the structure and function of a long bone?
Long bones function to support the weight of the body and facilitate movement.
Long bones are mostly located in the appendicular skeleton and include bones in the lower limbs (the tibia, fibula, femur, metatarsals, and phalanges) and bones in the upper limbs (the humerus, radius, ulna, metacarpals, and phalanges)..
How do you describe the structure of a bone?
Bones are organs composed of hard living tissue providing structural support to the body – it’s scaffolding. It is a hard matrix of calcium salts deposited around protein fibers. Minerals make bone rigid and proteins (collagen) provide strength and elasticity.
What are the 3 parts of a long bone?
Long bones are longer than they are wide. They can be divided into three regions – epiphysis, metaphysis and the diaphysis.
What is a typical long bone?
A long bone has two parts: the diaphysis and the epiphysis. … A typical long bone shows the gross anatomical characteristics of bone. The wider section at each end of the bone is called the epiphysis (plural = epiphyses), which is filled with spongy bone. Red marrow fills the spaces in the spongy bone.